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    冬奧項目知多少?快收下這份冬奧知識科普寶典!

    文章來源:英耐企業英語培訓 上傳時間:2022-02-16 瀏覽次數:629次

    毫無疑問,正在北京如火如荼舉行的2022年冬季奧運會,是近日當之無愧的最大熱點。各類冬奧會關鍵詞,如“開幕式”、“奧運村”、“冰墩墩”……等,都在各大平臺的搜索熱榜中居高不下。在觀摩各項賽事,為奧運健兒們打call的同時,大家是否了解過一些奧運賽事的英語表達以及發展歷史呢?來和小耐姐一起學習一下吧!


    花樣滑冰 Figure Skating

    優美的旋律、曼妙的身姿、令人眩暈的旋轉、嘆為觀止的跳躍……作為集藝術表現力與冰上運動技巧于一身的項目,花樣滑冰的觀賞性極強,往往是歷屆冬奧會上的收視熱門?;ɑ呤謧兏橇粝乱贿B串精彩表演。


    花樣滑冰可以追溯到18世紀的英國,隨后逐漸風靡到美國、加拿大和德國等地。19世紀 60年代,美國芭蕾舞表演藝術家杰克遜?海因斯結合舞蹈與滑冰,開創了腳尖旋轉等頗具美感的動作,他也被譽為 “現代花滑之父”。1924年,花樣滑冰成為冬奧會項目。


    Back in the 18th century in the UK, the sport became popular among the aristocracy. They liked to take to frozen ponds and lakes on rough hand-forged blades to have fun. Gradually, more skating enthusiasts from Germany, the United States and Canada followed suit. In the 1860s, Jackson Haines, a US ballet dancer and skater, used more artistic moves like pirouettes, dances and dramatic jumps to make the sport less formal, which won him the title of "the father of modern figure skating". As more and more people enjoyed gliding on the glassy surface, the sport became an official Winter Olympic sport in 1924.



    在本屆冬奧會上,中國名將隋文靜/韓聰的 “蔥桶組合” 將向最高目標發起沖擊。

    Chinese figure skating pair Sui Wenjing and Han Cong are known as the "Congtong Pair".

    此外,中國選手金博洋、日本選手羽生結弦等也都是觀眾關注的人氣焦點,其中羽生結弦能否“跳出真正的四周半,并且挑戰冬奧三連冠”成為一大懸念。


    短道速滑 Short-track Speed Skating

    冬奧會的三個滑冰項目包括短道速滑、速度滑冰和花樣滑冰。其中短道速滑越來越受到觀眾的喜愛。短道速滑起源于速度滑冰,于 1992 年成為冬奧會正式項目。短道速滑項目競爭激烈,碰撞時有發生,這也是一項結合了戰術、勇氣與技術的高強度項目。


    As one of the three skating disciplines at the Winter Olympics alongside figure skating and speed skating, short track speed skating (or short track) has gained more popularity in recent years. In fact, short track originated from speed skating in Canada and the United States. It dates back to 1905, when speed skating events were first held with groups of skaters racing around an oval track. Gradually, people found that such racing came with new challenges like tighter turns, so the athletes had to come up with different strategies to win. The short track sport came to prominence in the 1960s and made its debut at the 1992 Winter Olympic Games in Albertville, France. Short track races are full of strategy, bravery, skill and high-intensity excitement.


    中國短道速滑隊是當之無愧的 “王牌軍”,在往屆冬奧會中國軍團總計13枚金牌中,短道速滑隊貢獻了10枚。楊揚在 2002 年鹽湖城冬奧會上實現中國冬奧會金牌“零的突破”,王濛在2010 年溫哥華冬奧會上完成單屆3金的壯舉……



    2018年的平昌冬奧會上,短道速滑選手武大靖為中國體育代表團拿下唯一一枚金牌。4 年后,武大靖將再度征戰北京冬奧會短道速滑賽場。目前他也是這個項目男子500米的世界紀錄保持者。


    Wu Dajing, 27, is a leader as well as a superstar of China's short-track speed skating team. He was the winner of the men's 500m at the 2018 Winter Games as well as the current world-record holder in the event.


    自由式滑雪 Freestyle Skiing

    自由式滑雪誕生于20世紀初的挪威、意大利和奧地利,并于上世紀60年代開始在美國流行。對于冬奧會而言,自由式滑雪仍然是個 “新人”— 1992年才成為正式比賽項目。雖然看起來僅僅是在 “雪上翻跟頭”,但自由式滑雪是果敢、速度與特技的組合。運動員在空中旋轉翻騰,視覺效果拔群!


    At the beginning of the 20th century in Norway, Italy and Austria, some people performed somersaults on skis. Later, freestyle skiing began to take off in the US during the 1960s, as the Olympic official website noted. But it is a relatively new event to the Winter Olympics. It was officially recognized in the Olympics of 1992 after being showcased as a demonstration event during 1988 Olympics. Completing such a movement requires bravery, speed and acrobatic skills. Skiers should be very familiar with their skis and competent at making large jumps. These are the keys to freestyle skiing. This extreme sport is one of the most visually appealing forms of "flying".


    自1980年首次征戰冬奧會以來,中國軍團一直呈現 “冰強雪弱” 的局面,而這樣的局面有望在北京冬奧會上得到改觀。



    自2020年在冬青奧會上大放異彩以來,目前年僅18歲的自由式滑雪新秀谷愛凌一直延續著強勢表現,在去年年初的世界極限運動會和自由式滑雪世錦賽上斬獲了多枚金牌。本賽季她雖然因傷錯過了在奧地利的首站比賽,但傷愈回歸之后馬上在自由式滑雪大跳臺世界杯美國斯廷博特站、U 型場地世界杯卡爾加里站等比賽中連戰連捷。


    Gu Ailing is a talented free skier and one of the top medal hopefuls in Beijing 2022. She established herself in just two years of international competition, winning her first World Cup event in 2019. Later she won golds at the Winter Youth Olympic Games as well as the World Championships. "For me personally, my goal is to win Olympic gold. That to me is just representative of excellence in sport," Gu said in an interview.


    在自由式滑雪空中技巧項目上,中國隊將憑借強大的整體實力再次向金牌發起沖擊。


    冰壺 Curling

    如果說,上述介紹的冰雪項目,都有一種 “速度與激情”,那么冰壺則給人 “以柔克剛”、“四兩撥千斤” 的感覺。冰壺又稱擲冰壺、冰上溜石,起源于蘇格蘭,1998 年日本長野冬奧會被列為正式比賽項目。冰壺比賽看似溫文儒雅,實則斗智斗勇。占位,進營,擊打,掃冰,展現的是靜動之美和取與舍的智慧,“冰上國際象棋” 之稱也由此而來。



    北京冬奧會上,21歲的韓雨將領銜冰壺女隊參賽。與其他早早加入職業隊的選手不同,進入國家隊之前韓雨只是名高中生。然而,這位00后卻出手不凡:2016年,她作為國青隊中惟一一名非專業運動員參加在挪威舉行的第二屆世界青年冬奧會,還在混雙比賽中獲得了一枚寶貴的銀牌。


    從12歲第一次接觸冰壺,到21歲走上世錦賽的舞臺,韓雨已從冰壺愛好者成長為中國冰壺國家隊隊長?!拔易畲蟮哪繕司褪菂⒓颖本?022年冬奧會,希望能身披國家隊戰袍,在家門口為國爭光?!?韓雨說。


    Unlike many players who are trained in sports schools or professional teams, Han Yu was a common high school student before joining China's national curling team. When Han took part in international curling matches for the first time in 2016, she was still an amateur. However, she has an important quality that the sport requires – calmness, as Han's coach Zhou Mingxin commented. Known as "chess on ice", curling requires strategy and patience to win. That's why Han was chosen as the captain of the women's national team in 2019 at the age of 19! That year she led the team to victory in the Pacific-Asia Championships. Now with two more years of experience, Han is more confident about the upcoming Winter Olympics.


    無論比賽的結果如何,相信在國人的心中,只要站在奧運的賽場上,就是我們心目中的冠軍!在此,小耐姐想引用央視解說員評價花滑運動員羽生結弦的一段話,作為對在賽場上努力拼搏,為國爭光的國家運動員們的表彰:


    命運對勇士低語:“你無法抵御風暴?!?/strong>

    勇士低聲回應:“我,就是風暴?!?/strong>


    【更多奧運相關熱詞】

    高山滑雪 Alpine Skiing           冬季兩項 Biathlon           越野滑雪 Cross-Country Skiing           冰球 Ice Hockey           鋼架雪車 Skeleton           

    雪車 Bobsleigh           單板滑雪 Snowboard           速度滑冰 Speed Skating

    跳臺滑雪 Ski Jumping           北歐兩項 Nordic Combined           雪橇 Luge           吉祥物 Mascot

    冰墩墩 Bing Dwen Dwen           雪容融 Shuey Rhon Rhon           火炬傳遞 Torch Relay

    奧林匹克圣火 Olympic flame           冰絲帶 The Ice Ribbon           國際奧林匹克委員會 International Olympic Committee           體育精神 Sportsmanship           業余愛好者 Amateur           運動員 Athlete

    奧運場館 Olympic venue           金牌 Gold medal

    搂搂抱抱亲亲摸摸,果冻传媒国产剧情陈小纭,白丝制服校花被啪到喷水性